Jiryong Mountain Wall

A fortress with natural advantages with a legend and history


Jiryong Mountain Wall is located on the top of Mt. Jiryongsan at the side of Mt. Unmunsan. Its circumference is about 3 to 4km, and currently, piles of stones remain here and there. This is also called Hogeo Mountain Wall or Unmun Mountain Wall. Though it is not clearly established when the mountain wall was built, it is said that in the fourth year of King Gyeong-ae (in 927) in the late Silla Dynasty, Gyeonhwon, the king of the Post-Baekje Kingdom used the wall as a foothold for invading the Silla Dynasty. The name of the wall originated from the folktale that Gyeonhwon was a son of an earthworm that lived in the mountain. Jiryong in Korea means "earthworm". Jiryong Mountain Wall was the ground on which the Goryeo Dynasty was founded after the fall of the Silla Dynasty.

Despite its long history, the mountain wall could not accommodate a large army because of the forbidding aspects of the mountain and the lack of water. The wall was perfect as a fortress because of cliffs standing on all sides. During the Japanese invasion of Korea in 1592, volunteer soldiers in the area of Cheongdo fought fiercely centering around this mountain wall.

Address In the whole area of Mt. Jiryongsan, Sinwon-ri, Unmun-myeon, Cheongdo-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do